THE EUROPEAN CITIZENSHIP AND THE TRANSITORY MEASURES FOR ROMANIA AND BULGARIA AFTER THE ADHERENCE TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
Vendelin Francisc GLAZER
Vasile Goldiş Western University of Arad
Faculty of Humanistic, Political, and Administrative Sciences
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The citizenship was strongly identified with the national identity as a person’s social and legal status was linked to his state of origin (from where the connection between citizenship and patriotism according to the most recent analyses), the next step was the activation of the preoccupation for the citizens’ equal rights, followed by the extension of the citizen rights at the work and life conditions (together with the civilian and political rights), more recent one has arrived to the promotion of the concept of “multiple citizenship” due to the citizens’ mobility and the society’s evolution, an approach that allowed the applicants to be simultaneously citizens of 2 or more countries. This vision has evolved to what we call “transnational citizenship”, effective only in the case of the European citizens that have more rights and obligations towards the Community besides the classical ones towards their state of origin. The criterion of the territorial belonging appears in this wayas more and more surpassed, the citizen conscience and the effective representation of the role of the new citizenship orientating itself towards the fidelity to an abstract principle promoted by an organization, an over-national entity or a network of independent structures, strongly marked by globalization.
Keywords: Citizenship, transition, clause, rights, adherence, integration, belonging